Why Is Placenta Tissue Banking Important?
The placenta is the essential organ for the growth and protection of the fetus inside the uterus. These valuable tissues are quite different from the rest, including the muscles, organs and tissues, cartilage, skin, and bone. The stem cell tissues aren’t only used to protect the baby, but the mother too. Placental tissue is abundant in “stromal” stem cells, also the umbilical cord.
The Cord Blood Bank service is offered by different banks but so far only three also store the placental tissue. Not all banks store the placental of babies, the only institutions that host these tissues are:
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The placental tissue reconstructs the blood cells because it contains mesenchymal (MSCs). At present, the blood of the placenta is collected, and it can be stored together with the cord blood and tissue.
The placenta tissue is different thanks to the MSC (Mesenchymal Stromal Cells) a genetic mother’s phosphorous, these cells are collected, stored, and help regenerate a variety of tissues inside the body. Many different types of tissues are generated from the pluripotential Mesenchymal Cells.
The placenta, a bag shaped organ “is created at the beginning of the second week of the third month of pregnancy” this bag starts swelling as the fetus grows. The placenta is formed by the uterus and Tobias membrane.
How Does the Placenta Work?
It functions as a home base for the embryo during its formation, receiving many nutrients, as well as oxygen and carbon dioxide coming from the umbilical cord’s breathing mechanism. The fetus waste is then evacuated through the mother’s kidneys.
The mother’s blood flow is transmitted through the placenta inside, at least 500 to 700 cm 3 per second. It nourishes, oxygenates, and discards any fecal matter.
Placentophagia means conservation of the placenta for later use after childbirth. The organ contains Prostaglandin, which is important for blood coagulation, needed to close the uterus. The placenta contains vitamins and hormones capable of lowering postpartum depression, men can be benefit from the placenta too, as it can reduce hair loss. It contains oxytocin which helps in the reduction of stress and stimulates the production of milk for lactation. This phenomenon can be seen in the whole animal kingdom, the mother eating the placenta for its nutrients.
There are some cultural celebrations called “Placenta Parties”, promoting family and friend gatherings, to savor this nutritious tissue, which are quite common in the United Kingdom.
Placenta goes through a metamorphosis each week, resulting in placenta grades of 0 to 3:
- Grade 0: Formed during the first and second trimester, there’s no difference in the basal and Corial placenta.
- Grade 1: In this grade, its appearance starts to change, there are some changes in the calcification of the corial placenta, starting at the 31st week of the pregnancy.
- Grade 2: There’s a visible growth of the placenta bag, forming calcium deposits, also, the basal plaque has separated from the biometric and the corial placenta looks voluptuous and wavy.
- Grade 3: In the last phase, the placenta starts aging, losing some of its nutrients in the process.